Sitting Bull (1831-1890) was a Hunkpapa Lakota leader who led his people during a period of conflict with the United States government in the late 1800s. He played a key role in the Battle of Little Bighorn, where his forces fought alongside other members of the Oceti Sakowin and Cheyenne to defeat General George Armstrong Custer and his troops. Sitting Bull was a highly respected spiritual leader and is remembered for his commitment to the preservation of Lakota culture and sovereignty.
Geronimo (1829-1909) was a prominent leader of the Chiricahua Apache, who fought against both Mexican and United States forces during the Apache Wars of the late 1800s. Geronimo was known for his fierce resistance to colonization and his strategic military tactics. He surrendered to the U.S. government in 1886 and spent the rest of his life in captivity.
Sacagawea (c. 1788-1812) was a Lemhi Shoshone woman who acted as a guide and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1804-1806. She played a crucial role in the success of the expedition, helping the explorers navigate through the western territories and establishing diplomatic relationships with local tribes. Sacagawea is remembered for her bravery, resourcefulness, and cultural knowledge.
Tecumseh (1768-1813) was a Shawnee leader who fought against the expansion of the United States into Native American territories in the early 1800s. He led a confederation of tribes in the Midwest, seeking to unite them against American encroachment. Tecumseh was a skilled orator and military strategist, but he was ultimately defeated by in the War of 1812.
Wilma Mankiller (1945-2010) The first female chief of the Cherokee Nation and a prominent advocate for Native American rights. She oversaw significant advancements in healthcare, education, and tribal governance during her tenure as chief from 1985-1995, and she remains a role model for Native American women today.